Gulf societies
in the energy transition era

Social Contract

Youth fear the energy transition would imply a gradual demise of the Gulf Arab states' generous unique welfare system that is until today the primary vehicle for governments to redistribute a significant share of oil and gas revenues.

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Liberalisation

It wasn't long ago that Gulf Arab states were actively promoting ultra-conservative interpretations of Islam. But times are changing and the region is forced into a comprehensive rethink of its core values. Will economic liberalisation be mirrored by religious liberalisation?

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Education

Experts have long called for reforming education systems in the Gulf to develop critical thinking among the youth. According to the World Bank, “teaching methodologies remain teacher-centered,” mirroring top-down centered Gulf societies. Innovation‐driven education systems are vital to diversifying Gulf economies beyond oil and gas revenues.

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Cultural Change

Gulf governments have actively promoted national unity over a constellation of identities scattered across the region to craft national identities. In the energy transition era, what place for ancestral know-how and local traditions?

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  • Oman’s national unity racks up high cultural costs as rich linguistic diversity falls silent- Al-Monitor, United States.