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Gulf politics
in the energy transition era


As changing economic realities force the Gulf Arab states to rethink decades-old state-society relations, is a new social contract that allows local communities to voice their concerns in sight, or even more of top-down decision-makings?

Gulf Unity

History indicates inter-Gulf rivalry has often prevailed over the common interest. Will unhealthy economic competitions with one another prevail over the spirit of cooperation enshrined in the 1981 Gulf Cooperation Council charter?


Political Repression

The murder of Washington Post contributor Jamal Khashoggi in 2018 by a team of Saudi operatives shed light as never before on political repression in the Gulf states. Saudi activists said the kingdom has become “a police state" under Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman and that "no one dares to talk".


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